Tag Archives: 20 Centavos

1903 US Philippine 20 Centavo Coin

This coin is in great shape, with very little wear on the high points. I would grade it EF40-EF45.

The reverse design features an eagle perched on a shield with symbols from the American flag. At the upper rim are the words “United States of America” and at the bottom is the year of issue. To the left of the year is the mint mark (“S” for San Francisco). Coin with no mint marks were minted at the Philadelphia Mint.

1903 US Philippines - 20 Centavo Coin Reverse

1903 US Philippines - 20 Centavo Coin Reverse

On the obverse, Liberty is shown pounding on the forge of freedom. This image was designed by Melecio Figueroa and there is some speculation that the young Filipina woman shown on the coin was based on his daughter. She is wearing a flowing dress, similar to the garb of Liberty on other period coinage. The obverse of the coin shows Liberty in the act of striking an anvil with a hammer while her other hand holds an olive branch. In the background is Mt. Mayon, an active volcano with smoke billowing from the crater. On the upper edge of the coin is the denomination “Twenty Centavos” and on the lower perimeter is the word “Filipinas”.

1903 US Philippines - 20 Centavo Coin Obverse, with liberty's hammer striking a forge

1903 US Philippines - 20 Centavo Coin Obverse

Identification code: Philippines KM-166 (minted 1903 to 1906)

Date: 1903

Mint Mark: n/a (Philadelphia, Pennsylvania)

Mintage: 5,353,000

Country of origin: United States of America

Composition: 90% silver, 10% copper

Size: 22 mm

Weight: 5.3849g (0.1558 oz ASW)

Other details: This coin has a tiny prick on the reverse that my be a die crack. It stands out under magnification, but not at a casual glance.

Estimated Value: $6-20 (with silver at $31 / ounce)

Argentina 1927 20 Centavo Coin

This coin shows a fairly standard South American representation of Liberty. She is wearing an oddly bent cap, and has loose tangles of hair sticking out from under the headpiece. The legend reads “Republica Argentina” and the date is at 6 o’clock on the obverse.

The reverse has a wreath with the legend “20 Centavos” inside. No surprises there – although I do think the outlining of the numbers is well done and notable. I’d grade this coin somewhere between F12 and VF25 (the reverse is in better shape than the obverse).

Argentine 1927 20 Centavo Coin Obverse

Argentine 1927 20 Centavo Coin Obverse

Argentine 1927 20 Centavo Coin Reverse

Argentine 1927 20 Centavo Coin Reverse

Identification code: KM-11

Date: 1927

Mint Mark: n/a

Mintage: 2,880,000

Country of origin: Argentina (although the US mint may have provided planchets, starting in 1919).

Composition: Copper Nickel

Size: 22mm

Weight: unknown

Other details: What do you want? A soliloquy on the beauty of Argentina?

Estimated value: about $0.25. This isn’t a particularly rare or noteworthy coin – just something that I thought interesting in a junk bin.

US Philippines 20 Centavo 1945-D Coin

The 20 centavo is an unusual American coin minted for use in the US Philippines. This coin is a fairly substantial silver piece, and huge numbers of them were produced at the end of World War II. The Japanese melted down large volumes of captured US Philippine coins during the war, and these were produced to meet the needs of circulation after Liberation.

On the obverse, Liberty is shown pounding on the forge of freedom. She is wearing a flowing but scanty dress: there seems to have been a material shortage at the tailor. The obverse of the coin shows Liberty in the act of striking an anvil with a hammer while her other  hand holds an olive branch. In the background is Mt. Mayon, an active volcano with smoke billowing from the crater. On the upper edge of the coin is the denomination “Twenty Centavos” and on the lower perimeter is the word “Filipinas”. The engraver was Melecio Figueroa and there is some speculation that the young Filipina woman shown on the coin was based on his daughter.

The reverse design features an eagle perched on a shield with a two register shield. Compared to the Territorial Seal, the eagles wings are narrower and raised as if the bird is about to take flight. The upper register shows a turret with vertical bars in the background. The lower register shows a rampant sea lion. This is the Philippine Commonwealth Seal (adopted in 1936). At the upper rim are the words “United States of America” and at the bottom is the year of issue. To the left of the year is the mint mark (“D” for Denver).

US Philippines 20 Centavo 1945 D : Obverse, shows liberty pounding on the forge of freedom

US Philippines 20 Centavo 1945 D : Obverse

US Philippines 20 Centavo 1945 D : Reverse, shows the American Commonwealth Seal

US Philippines 20 Centavo 1945 D : Reverse

Identification code: KM-182

Date: 1945

Mint Mark: D (Denver)

Mintage: 82,804,000 (100% of 1945 20 centavos were produced in Denver)

Country of origin: United States

Composition: 75% silver

Size: 22mm in diameter

Weight: 4 grams (0.0965 oz ASW)

Other details: The Philippine 20 Centavo is very similar to the ill-fated US 20 Cent piece (21 mm vs. 22 mm, with considerably less silver content). The American Administration didn’t issue a 25 centavo coin, so this coin largely fulfilled that role. If you think about it, isn’t it strange that we have 25 cent coins but not 25 dollar bills? Many currencies use a 20 cent piece instead of a quarter (most notably, the Euro).

This coin is slabbed by NGC and graded MS-66. I apologize for the fuzzy scans and will try to take some photographs to capture the beauty of this piece.

Estimated value: $20-$30